Electric Vehicle Tax Credits: What You Need to Know

September 13, 2022
EV Universe
EV Universe

Welcome to our 2022 guide on electric vehicle tax credits.

 

If you own an electric car or are looking for one, you might know that certain EV purchases come with a dollar amount that the federal government lets you deduct from your taxes. The amount of tax credit varies based on a number of factors, so it can be challenging to know your eligibility. This became even more complicated with new legislation recently released in the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022.

 

Well, we reviewed all 755 pages of the Inflation Reduction Act (admittedly focusing on the parts pertaining to EVs) and made a list of what you need to know on electric vehicle tax credits. Essentially, the Act extends the $7,500 EV tax credit for 10 years, until December 2032. This is great news for the EV community. However, there are several new exceptions to what qualifies, which gets confusing. Read on for our clear description of what no longer qualifies and what still qualifies for electric vehicle tax credits.

 

Spoiler alert – if you had always wanted a Tesla but couldn’t afford it due to it not qualifying for the tax credit, you may be very happy.

 

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Electric vehicles that no longer qualify for the tax credit

Several vehicles became instantly ineligible for the federal electric car tax credit the day the Act was signed. Any vehicle where “final assembly occurred outside of North America” is now excluded from the tax credit as of August 16, 2022. Very popular EVs such as the Hyundai Ioniq 5, Kia EV6, and Audi Q4 Etron are among the models that are no longer eligible for the tax credit, based on their manufacturing locations.

 

Similarly, the Act requires battery materials and other key materials used to build EVs to be primarily sourced in North America. This will get confusing as we approach the 2023 go-live date. Be sure to check back with us for a full list of vehicles that qualify in 2023. For now, to identify the manufacture location for a specific vehicle head over to the National Highway and Transportation website and decode your VIN on the VIN Decoder.

 

Vehicle price also now matters. Vans, pickup trucks, and SUVs with a manufacture’s retail suggested price (MSRP) of more than $80,000, won’t qualify for electric vehicle tax credits in 2023.

 

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What qualifies for electric vehicle tax credits

This is where most of the confusion has come into play. What still qualifies for electric vehicle tax credits? For example, can I buy a new Tesla and get the credit this fall? We summarized the main sections of the law here to help you understand it.

 

Purchase date

If you entered into written binding purchase for a qualifying EV under the previous tax credit rules before August, 16, 2022, you can still claim the tax credit under the old rules. This applies even if you have not taken delivery of the vehicle yet. If you are unsure about the rules before August 16, 2022 you can find them here.

 

Sold caps

Tesla, Toyota and GM vehicles will be eligible again in 2023. These manufactures had EVs that were ineligible for the tax credit under the old rules because they hit their 200,000 vehicles sold caps. The Act eliminates this cap in 2023. However, they must still meet the North America assembly criteria along with the new MSRP criteria.

 

Qualified models

Twenty-one vehicles qualify still in 2022 for the tax credit. Be cautions as some models are made in multiple locations, and you should confirm that the vehicle you are purchasing was assembled in North America using the VIN Decoder link above.

 

These are the fully electric vehicles that should still qualify in 2022 for the tax credit:

  • 2022 Ford F-150 Lightning
  • 2022 Ford Mustang Mach-E
  • 2022 Lucid Air
  • 2022 Nissan Leaf
  • 2022 Rivian EDV
  • 2022 Rivian R1S
  • 2022 Rivian R1T
  • 2022 Volvo S60 Recharge
  • 2023 Mercedes EQS SUV

 

*Volkswagen started producing its ID.4 at its Chattanooga assembly plant. Expect deliveries of qualifying electric cars to begin before the end of 2022.

 

Income threshold

There is now an income threshold for electric vehicle tax credits.  They will only be available to single-filers who earn less than $150,000 annually, heads of households at $225,000 and couples at $300,000. If you are in an income level above that, you no longer qualify regardless of vehicle eligibility.

 

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Used EVs

Used EVs now qualify for a tax credit of up to $4,000 that takes effect in 2024. This credit applies only for vehicles that are sold through a licensed dealer for $25,000 or less and have been in service for at least two years. It is only valid once per vehicle. The used tax credit is $4,000 or 30%, whichever is lower. There are also income limits for used electric vehicle tax credits just like for new cars. The limits are single-filers with incomes restricted to $75,000, head-of-households to $112,500 and couples to $150,000.

 

Discount timing

In 2024, you can take the electric vehicle tax credits as a discount at the time of purchase. This means you won’t have to wait until tax season to get the tax credit. The dealer can apply it to the purchase price at the time of sale. Also, the tax credit applies to any “clean vehicle.” So, a hydrogen fuel cell car or a plug-in hybrid vehicle with four to seven kilowatt hours of battery capacity, could qualify.

 

Charger credit

The Act restarts a tax credit for electric vehicle chargers that previously expired on December 31, 2021. For home EV charging station installations, the tax credit is 30% of the costs of hardware and installation. Also, in 2023, the tax credit will apply for businesses to install chargers as well.

 

Making sense of electric vehicle tax credits

As you can see, the topic of electric vehicle and EV charger tax credits is quite complicated! We hope the summary above gives you a better sense of how it all works. Be sure to check back with EV Universe for updates as the law evolves around EVs and tax credits.

 

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EV Universe Inc and its affiliates do not provide tax, legal or accounting advice. This material has been prepared for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal or accounting advice. You should consult your own tax, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transaction.

 

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